Prevent Blindness reported that people can prevent 90% of eye accidents simply by wearing safety glasses or other protective gear. Despite having the tools to protect the eyes, accidents can happen.
Eye injuries can range from minor irritations to severe damage, potentially leading to long-term consequences.
Corneal abrasions are perhaps one of the most frequent eye injuries resulting from accidents. They occur when scratches or damage happens to the outermost layer of the eye, the cornea. This can happen due to foreign objects, such as debris or glass fragments, making contact with the eye. Symptoms often include pain, redness and sensitivity to light.
Accidents involving hazardous chemicals or substances can lead to chemical burns in the eyes. These burns can cause severe damage to the cornea and surrounding tissues, potentially resulting in vision impairment or blindness without prompt treatment.
Foreign body injuries
In accidents, small foreign objects like particles of dust, metal, or wood can enter the eye. When this happens, it can cause irritation, discomfort and even scratching of the eye’s surface.
Eye contusions are common in accidents involving blunt force trauma. They can lead to swelling, discoloration and potential damage to the eye itself.
In more severe accidents, such as car crashes or falls, the bones surrounding the eye, known as the orbit or eye socket, can fracture. These fractures can cause eye displacement, double vision and pain.
Accidents that involve significant head trauma can result in retinal detachment. This occurs when the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye, separates from its normal position. Symptoms include sudden flashes of light, floaters in vision and a curtain-like shadow over the visual field. Retinal detachment is a medical emergency requiring prompt surgical intervention.
Traumatic cataracts occur when the eye’s lens becomes clouded due to injury. This can impair vision, and surgery may be necessary to remove the cataract and restore vision.
In any accident, protecting your eyes is of utmost importance. Safety measures, such as wearing appropriate eye protection gear, like goggles or helmets, can reduce the risk of eye injuries. Additionally, seeking immediate medical attention if you suspect an eye injury can prevent complications and preserve your vision.